Gum Disease: Symptoms and Treatment

Gum Disease: Symptoms and Treatment

Have you seen blood in you sink while brushing? Are you gums red and swollen? These are all signs of gum disease. The infection begins with gums which are known as gingivitis but when it reaches below the gum line to your bone, it becomes a serious form of gum disease known as Periodontitis.

Symptoms

  • Red, swollen gums:

Dentist in Oshawa, ON says it begins with inflammation along the gum line and you may feel tender or painful or bleed easily during brushing and flossing.

  • Bad breath:

Mouth is a wet and warm place where millions of bacteria thrive. Bacteria feed on plaque and release toxins which can irritate gums and teeth and create a foul smell.

  • Gums that get smaller:

If the teeth have started looking longer than usual, it means the gums are shrinking or receding.

  • Sensitive teeth: 

If a sip of coffee or cold drink cause you pain in tooth, it can be a sign of sensitivity which is caused by shrinking gums.

  • Wiggly or shifting teeth: 

Gum diseases can attack the bones which hold the teeth in place and make them move or loosen.

Treatment

  • Deep cleaning:

Deep cleaning is performed by the dentist in L1K 1B7 and it helps in getting rid of the plaque and bacteria which causes gum disease.

  • Medication:

The dentist may prescribe following:

  • Antiseptic chip or antibiotic microspheres

The tiny gel and particles are inserted in the pockets of gums which release medication to reduce the size of pocket over the time and get rid of bacteria.

  • Antibiotic gel
  • Enzyme suppressant:

You can take the tablet after deep cleaning to block enzymes in your mouth which break down the gum tissue.

  • Oral antibiotics
  • Surgery:
  • Gum graft surgery:

The surgeon takes tissue from another part of the mouth and covers the exposed tooth roots for preventing bone loss or decay and help sensitive teeth.

  • Flap surgery:

The gums are lifted so the surgeon can reach the tartar deep underneath the gum line. Then the gums are stitched back tightly to prevent more tartar from forming.

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