Periodontal or gum disease is an infection that attacks the tissues holding your teeth in position. Typically, it is caused by improper oral hygiene practices that allow plaque build-up. Plaque is a sticky, colorless substance that coats the teeth. If not removed, it hardens to form tartar that settles at the bottom of your tooth. Only professional cleaning can eliminate tartar. Gum disease causes chewing difficulties, bleeding gums, or even permanent tooth loss if it progresses.
Though used synonymously by some people, these are two completely different terms. While gingivitis refers to gum inflammation, periodontitis refers to gum disease and damage of the bone, tissue, or both.
Gingivitis usually precedes periodontitis, although it doesn’t have to always progress to this stage. With gingivitis, plaque builds up on the tooth surface, causing the reddening and inflammation of gums. This may cause bleeding during your brushing routine. However, it is essential to note that this condition only irritates the gums but doesn’t loosen your teeth. Nothing is irreversible at this stage.
Although anyone can develop gum disease, certain factors make you more susceptible:
The following signs could indicate you have gum disease:
If you go to Harmony Dental Care for gum disease treatment in Oshawa, ON, the dentist or hygienist will:
Examine the gums for inflammation
Also, the dental professional may:
For gingivitis treatment, acceptable oral hygiene practices are crucial. Also, you should quit smoking and keep your diabetes in check. The treatment aims at controlling the infection and may vary based on how extensive the condition is.
Some other treatment options include:
A report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention indicates that people with heart disease, diabetes, lung disease, and stroke are more vulnerable to gum disease. The disease also heightens the risk of premature births and low birth-weight infants. Although these conditions are associated with gum disease, there is no proof that it causes them.
Periodontal disease increases the risks of postmenopausal women developing breast cancer. The same applies to tobacco smokers. Diabetes patients with gum disease also find it difficult controlling their blood sugar.
You need not deal with gum disease’s pain and costs if it is possible to evade them altogether. Here are some tips to keep gingivitis away: